Campaign activities in the form of fictitious funds are covering Facebook. The pattern is quite simple: the actors create a group, then they add some content. They wrote details about how to make a bank transfer, supported by a convincing narrative.
Generally the group tends to be cliché. The name of the group reflects requests for help and the group’s content depicts emotional stories, usually about children suffering from serious illnesses, then dramatized with the addition of certain photos and videos.
Some content usually copies content from other fraud groups verbatim. The only difference is the child’s name, disease diagnosis, and the name of the hospital where. Not infrequently the contact information and bank transfer details are printed exactly the same as in some groups. This indicates fraud that should be easy to know.
New fraud groups can emerge every month, and although complaints from the public are able to stop the action quickly, there are still a number of users who have already entered and transferred a number of funds to fraudsters.
The cyber security company Kaspersky Lab has compiled a list of clues to consider whether a campaign is to fund the original fund.
Group Age and Content Contents
If the group is only a few weeks old and only has about three contents, but has been seen and shared thousands of times, it is most likely that this group is run by fraudsters.
An original community, according to Kaspersky Lab, will need some time to develop and those who run these groups provide significantly more information.
Pressure to Feel compassion
The use of emotional video, the availability of low-quality photos, sad verses, and the large amount of text that uses capital letters and exclamation points, has been designed to make users act spontaneously without thinking critically about the truth of the story.
Kaspersky Lab said the community will actually tell the story of their patients in simple language, without strong emotional appeal, and provide detailed descriptions of how care works and how they use the money they have received.
Fraudsters, on the other hand, have a desire to get as much money as possible before the group closes, so they use an emotional pressure.
No Supporting Documentation
In general, fraudsters will not have a trace of reports or other medical records. Even if available, the user must read it carefully and make sure the document matches the details of the request for help.
For example, there is a fundraising group for the care of a girl suffering from heart disease, but the account owner actually shares photos of medical reports stating that the child has Down Syndrome.
The child may have both diagnoses, but irrelevant information that only confuses the user is a strong sign that something is wrong with the group.
Responses to Clarification Questions
It is normal for people who care to ask for more detailed information from the group administrator. Request for updates on the child’s condition, information about the disease and its treatment, even the names of their doctors and nurses. Within the fraud group, these comments will be deleted very quickly, and users who comment will be blocked
Usually a link that points to the official website of a charity organization will be displayed on the cheats group page. This is how fraudsters increase user confidence. If a user visits the website, Kaspersky Lab does not recommend entering any information without clarity first.
Start by recording the date of the most recent update, and also verify that the website contains a report on its income and expenses. Charity foundations are encouraged to release that information. If a website collects money but there are no reports, the organization is certainly not trustworthy.
Reaching out but still being critical
To ensure that your money is used properly and does not go into the fraudster’s pocket, take a little time to verify the story behind every fundraising request you receive.
Perhaps the best way is to donate your money to a well-known charity foundation and not to individuals. That way, you can be sure that the funds donated reach safe hands.